#data #economics

How Efficient Are Economies at Using Their Land – GDP Per Unit Land Area

Published Jul 30, 2018 by Ritij Jain

GDP Per Unit Land Area Map (Logarithmic Scale). Light Yellow: Low, Orange: Medium, Dark Red: High

GDP Per Unit Land Area Map (Logarithmic Scale). Light Yellow: Low, Orange: Medium, Dark Red: High


Amongst more than a dozen metrics that can be used to measure economic prosperity, GDP Per Unit Land Area doesn’t seem to get much attention. Nonetheless, it is an interesting metric to look at and gives a new definition of “rich” countries.

GDP Per Unit Land Area Map

The data is highly varied which makes it impossible to use a linear scale for the map. To make it easier to compare different countries, the map below uses a logarithmic scale meaning an increase of one on this scale is equal to a ten-fold increase in the actual values of GDP per Unit Land Area.

GDP Per Unit Land Area Map (Logarithmic Scale) Light Yellow: Low, Orange: Medium, Dark Red: High

It is clear which countries are doing a good job of using their land to benefit their economies. Most of Europe and the two Asian powerhouses, South Korea and Japan come up at the top. Although not visible on the map, the top three: Macao, Singapore, and Hong Kong top the list by far. It is no coincidence that these three are “city-states” which explains their insanely large GDP’s in proportion to their miniature sizes.

Unsurprisingly, the three economic giants: USA, China, and India do relatively well each scoring more than the world average. However, they are still far from the top of the list which is mostly filled with much smaller, more densely populated countries.

GDP Per Unit Land Area Table

The table below lists out the calculated value for GDP Per Unit Land Area for all of the countries and regions for which 2018 data was available from The World Bank Group. This spreadsheet was used to compile this data.

Country GDP Per Unit Land Area (million USD per sq. km.)
World 0.675
Macao SAR, China 1,811.975
Singapore 513.620
Hong Kong SAR, China 345.411
Bahrain 48.517
Malta 45.479
Luxembourg 29.171
Netherlands 27.120
Belgium 17.925
Switzerland 17.844
Maldives 17.758
Israel 17.125
South Korea 16.611
Qatar 16.483
Japan 13.637
Barbados 11.965
United Kingdom 11.802
Puerto Rico 11.401
Germany 11.300
Guam 10.963
Denmark 8.470
Kuwait 7.893
Italy 7.085
Mauritius 7.005
Andorra 6.886
Nauru 6.281
United Arab Emirates 5.832
Ireland 5.552
Lebanon 5.537
Austria 5.517
Euro area 5.094
France 5.073
Trinidad and Tobago 4.641
European Union 4.428
St. Kitts and Nevis 3.888
Antigua and Barbuda 3.660
Grenada 3.488
Seychelles 3.457
American Samoa 3.180
Czech Republic 3.176
St. Lucia 3.151
Northern Mariana Islands 2.876
Spain 2.841
Cyprus 2.702
Slovenia 2.681
Portugal 2.627
Brunei Darussalam 2.574
West Bank and Gaza 2.428
United States 2.246
Slovak Republic 2.203
Bangladesh 2.105
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.080
Poland 1.913
Dominican Republic 1.771
Hungary 1.744
Greece 1.691
Post-demographic dividend 1.591
High income 1.542
OECD members 1.528
Central Europe and the Baltics 1.478
Jamaica 1.451
China 1.449
Tuvalu 1.420
Sri Lanka 1.418
Sweden 1.365
El Salvador 1.258
Bahamas, The 1.241
Marshall Islands 1.229
North America 1.221
Norway 1.189
Costa Rica 1.178
Philippines 1.110
Malaysia 1.091
Croatia 1.090
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.076
East Asia & Pacific 1.063
Romania 1.041
East Asia & Pacific (IDA & IBRD countries) 1.029
East Asia & Pacific (excluding high income) 1.023
Turkey 1.002
Thailand 0.988
Cuba 0.962
India 0.914
Finland 0.911
Panama 0.875
Lithuania 0.853
Europe & Central Asia 0.841
Vietnam 0.791
New Zealand 0.778
Dominica 0.735
Guatemala 0.732
South Asia 0.724
South Asia (IDA & IBRD) 0.724
Estonia 0.707
Comoros 0.633
Mexico 0.628
Tonga 0.625
Palau 0.617
Bulgaria 0.600
Serbia 0.579
Indonesia 0.575
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 0.574
Azerbaijan 0.568
Latvia 0.553
Albania 0.551
Iraq 0.517
North Macedonia 0.502
Late-demographic dividend 0.498
Cabo Verde 0.491
Equatorial Guinea 0.479
Jordan 0.476
Sao Tome and Principe 0.440
IBRD only 0.439
Armenia 0.437
Ecuador 0.436
Nigeria 0.436
Upper middle income 0.419
Montenegro 0.409
Pakistan 0.408
Chile 0.401
Middle income 0.397
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.394
Rwanda 0.385
Saudi Arabia 0.366
Early-demographic dividend 0.352
Haiti 0.350
IDA & IBRD total 0.350
Moldova 0.348
Low & middle income 0.344
Uruguay 0.341
Lower middle income 0.333
Middle East & North Africa 0.322
South Africa 0.304
Fiji 0.303
Colombia 0.298
Belarus 0.294
Samoa 0.290
Latin America & Caribbean 0.289
Ghana 0.288
Latin America & the Caribbean (IDA & IBRD countries) 0.279
Eswatini 0.274
Latin America & Caribbean (excluding high income) 0.274
Morocco 0.264
Iceland 0.258
Tunisia 0.257
Oman 0.256
Georgia 0.253
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.252
Arab World 0.247
Kiribati 0.232
Ukraine 0.226
Brazil 0.224
Other small states 0.223
Small states 0.214
Honduras 0.214
Nepal 0.203
Argentina 0.190
Canada 0.188
Australia 0.186
Caribbean small states 0.182
Europe & Central Asia (IDA & IBRD countries) 0.177
Timor-Leste 0.174
Peru 0.173
IDA blend 0.167
Pacific island small states 0.162
Gambia, The 0.161
Kenya 0.154
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) 0.151
Cambodia 0.139
Uganda 0.137
Cote d’Ivoire 0.135
Djibouti 0.128
Senegal 0.125
Uzbekistan 0.119
Burundi 0.118
Myanmar 0.109
Nicaragua 0.109
Paraguay 0.102
Russia 0.101
Togo 0.099
IDA total 0.093
Benin 0.092
Lesotho 0.090
Turkmenistan 0.087
Angola 0.085
Ethiopia 0.084
Belize 0.082
Cameroon 0.082
Sub-Saharan Africa 0.080
Sub-Saharan Africa (IDA & IBRD countries) 0.080
Sub-Saharan Africa (excluding high income) 0.080
Zimbabwe 0.080
Lao PDR 0.078
Vanuatu 0.075
Malawi 0.075
Pre-demographic dividend 0.074
Algeria 0.073
IDA only 0.069
Bhutan 0.066
Kazakhstan 0.066
Tanzania 0.065
Gabon 0.065
Fragile and conflict affected situations 0.065
Least developed countries: UN classification 0.060
Sierra Leone 0.057
Tajikistan 0.054
Papua New Guinea 0.052
Guinea-Bissau 0.052
Burkina Faso 0.052
Yemen, Rep. 0.051
Solomon Islands 0.050
Guinea 0.044
Low income 0.043
Kyrgyz Republic 0.042
Heavily indebted poor countries (HIPC) 0.042
Bolivia 0.037
Zambia 0.036
Liberia 0.034
Congo, Rep. 0.033
Botswana 0.033
Afghanistan 0.030
Libya 0.027
Madagascar 0.024
Suriname 0.023
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.021
Guyana 0.020
Mozambique 0.019
Namibia 0.018
Mali 0.014
Chad 0.009
Mongolia 0.008
Somalia 0.008
Niger 0.007
Mauritania 0.005
Central African Republic 0.004

 

Compiled using 2018 data from The World Bank Group .

Spreadsheet used to compile this data.



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